Irregular Verbs

English verbs can be either regular or irregular. The difference between them is the formation of the Past Simple and Past Participle forms. Regular verbs are consistent — their past simple and past participle always end in –ed. While, in contrast, irregular verbs can end in a variety of ways, with absolutely no consistent pattern. Here’s a list of most common English irregular verbs:

Base verbPast SimplePast Participle
be
become
begin
break
bring
build
buy
catch
choose
come
cost
cut
do
drink
drive
eat
fall
feel
find
fly
forget
get
give
go
grow
have
hear
hide
hit
hold
hurt
keep
know
learn
leave
lend
let
lose
make
meet
pay
put
read
ring
run
say
see
sell
send
show
shut
sing
sit
sleep
speak
spell
spend
stand
steal
swim
take
teach
tell
think
throw
understand
wake
wear
win
write
was/were
became
began
broke
brought
built
bought
caught
chose
came
cost
cut
did
drank
drove
ate
fell
felt
found
flew
forgot
got
gave
went
grew
had
heard
hid
hit
held
hurt
kept
knew
learnt/learned
left
lent
let
lost
made
met
paid
put
read
rang
ran
said
saw
sold
sent
showed
shut
sang
sat
slept
spoke
spelt/spelled
spent
stood
stole
swam
took
taught
told
thought
threw
understood
woke
wore
won
wrote
been
become
begun
broken
brought
built
bought
caught
chosen
come
cost
cut
done
drunk
driven
eaten
fallen
felt
found
flown
forgotten
got
given
gone
grown
had
heard
hidden
hit
held
hurt
kept
known
learnt/learned
left
lent
let
lost
made
met
paid
put
read
rung
run
said
seen
sold
sent
shown/showed
shut
sung
sat
slept
spoken
spelt/spelled
spent
stood
stolen
swum
taken
taught
told
thought
thrown
understood
woken
worn
won
written

Watch this video from mmmEnglish and test your knowledge of English irregular verbs:

See also:

Verbs: Participles

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