We use the Present Perfect to talk about actions in the past that still have an effect on the present moment.
- My new bicycle has been delivered already, so now I can ride it all day long.
- Your dog looks sad, has it been fed today?
- Old chairs in the hall have been replaced with the new ones.
Let’s revise how Present Perfect Active is formed:
In the Passive, a subject of the sentence is not the doer – it is acted upon.
- Lise has recorded a song. – A song has been recorded by Lisa.
We use Present Perfect Passive with the same meaning as Present Perfect in the active voice except for the fact that Present Perfect Passive makes focus on the effect (or the object) rather than the doer (the subject) of an action. Read more about the uses of Present Perfect in our articles Present Perfect Tense for Unfinished Past, Present Perfect Tense with ‘Just’ and ‘Yet’ and Present Perfect Tense for Experience.
Present Perfect Passive structure
In the picture below, you can see the word order changes in the Passive voice – the subject and the object of the sentence change places.
To make statements with the Present Perfect Passive, use:
have/hasbeen + the Past Participle form of the verb
|I have been seen|
You have been seen
He/she/it have been seen
|We have been seen|
You have been seen
They have been seen
- This house has been sold to some foreigners.
- The children have been given their medicine.
Negative forms of Present Perfect Passive
To make a negative form of Present Perfect Passive, insert ‘not‘ between ‘have/has’ and ‘been’ (you can also use ‘hasn’t’ or ‘haven’t).
- This long test hasn’t been translated yet.
- This old violin hasn’t been played for ages.
Questions in Present Perfect Passive
The structure for asking questions in Present Perfect Passive is:
have/has + [subject] + been + Past Participle
Lok this video from Smrt English explaining how to use passive voice with present perfect: